It's already challenging enough for a business to enter a market and try to earn profits. Add government regulations to the puzzle and thousands of would-be entrepreneurs are immediately excluded due to costs alone. While many regulations exist to help prevent exploitation among big players, government regulations' impact on small businesses can be devastating. These conditions limit free enterprise in America.
Federal Regulations are Shutting Out Small Business
Understanding government regulations' impact on small business is essential prior to launching one. Over 45 percent of US GDP is the direct result of small business output. Half of the American workforce is employed by companies with less than 100 employees.
While job creation at the federal level often gets the most headlines, two-thirds of all new net jobs come from small firms. Every year over 2.5 million new jobs are created from a half-million new companies, according to the US Census Bureau. These operations range from traditional family businesses to independent bloggers.
Despite the vast size of the small business sector, fewer startups happen today than 40 years ago. Increasing federal regulations have played a major role in this decline. The financial collapse of 2008 also contributed to fewer entrepreneurs launching startups despite steady population growth.
Hurdles to Profitability
It's difficult for a new company to start making profits when it must first spend money on not just equipment for means of production, but regulatory fees as well. Federal, state, and local regulations potentially create barriers to entry for new companies that might otherwise be off to a running start.
A recent study by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation found local chamber commerce leaders are widely discouraged by complex regulations. About a third of these leaders even said they advised entrepreneurs not to relocate to their region due to an unfriendly business climate. Small businesses are most hurt by regulatory costs, paying 20 percent more than the national average.
Another small business study funded by Bradley Foundation in 2016 examined how government regulations affect small businesses. It looked at how rules and regulations impact free enterprise and found overwhelmingly unfavorable conditions to small businesses. Analysts have discovered that federal regulatory costs alone in America add up to an estimated $1.9 trillion.
One of the problems that must be addressed is the number of rules and regulations the federal government makes. Over the past few decades, the feds have implemented over 88,000 final rules. Meanwhile, federal agencies have identified over 15,000 of these additions as having a negative impact on small businesses.
What Business Advocates Must Consider to Fight Regulations
While government regulations' impact on small business reduces opportunities, pro-business advocates must construct new arguments that don't ignore why regulations are put in place. Many regulations are the result of public complaints about big companies ripping off consumers. Government leaders then create new laws to weed out deceptive business practices, only to scare away small businesses that can't afford the legal costs to make sense of the laws.
It doesn't take much research to find out how often the government punishes small businesses while awarding big businesses with large bailouts. The CARES Act was a huge money grab for large corporations at the expense of small businesses.
Small business advocates must frame their message of free enterprise as different from the big cartels that dominate American industries. Lumping all businesses under one capitalist umbrella as equal players in the same game of free enterprise is an illusion that goes nowhere. Small businesses must be viewed by the government as central to the American dream instead of nuisances that get in the way of big business competition.
Where Regulations Got American Business Today
Government regulations have expanded drastically over the years, but they haven't stopped climate change or corporate fraud. The Federal Trade Commission was launched in 1914 to protect consumers against deceptive advertising and other rogue business practices. Yet the biggest frauds committed by large corporations have occurred just in the past 20 years.
The Environmental Protection Agency was created in 1970 and has helped reduce greenhouse gases, but certainly not fast enough. The rise of renewable energy companies has had a greater impact on reducing harmful pollutants that oil giants now admit.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 culminated after the Enron fraud scandal a few years earlier. The law made accounting and auditing more cumbersome for businesses. But it didn't stop Wall Street legend Bernie Madoff from defrauding several high-profile investors by the end of the decade.
Ultimately, large corporations can hire more people to ensure compliance, whereas many small businesses cannot afford it. Even laws that protect investors don't mitigate fraud as much as they hinder small businesses. The 2008 financial collapse was proof as the large corporate engineers of the crash got huge federal bailouts while countless small companies shut down.
Sorting Through the Legal Maze
As much as regulations may be intended to help consumers, they create legal obstacles for business development. The United States tax code and state tax codes shape company identity from the beginning depending on the business type such as a corporation or sole proprietorship. Businesses already face a complex tax environment, especially if they hire employees, which adds taxes onto their payrolls for Social Security and Medicare costs.
A new startup owner must also be aware of complex labor laws that affect wages and scheduling. They must also be compliant with other legal requirements involving OSHA workplace safety standards, unions, and antitrust laws. If the company hires 15 employees, it must adhere to regulations overseen by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
Failing to comply with government regulations can result in severe fines. Unfortunately, many honest businesses simply don't have the resources to meticulously ensure every company action complies with the vast body of never-ending regulations.
Adding to the noise of overregulation is the rise of cybercrime and the new laws meant to deter it. Yet these rules didn't stop the 2021 Colonial Pipeline hack that caused massive power shortages.
Business Solutions to Meet Government Compliance
Teaming up with subscription-based legal services can help small businesses. Entrepreneurs should also seek assistance from their local Small Business Administration (SBA) office. Another solution for small organizations to consider is getting the right commercial business insurance that pays for legal costs.
In the big picture, businesses need more encouragement from the government rather than more regulations to contribute to a strong economy.
Exploring government regulations' impact on small business is imperative before launching a startup. As much as regulations are meant to lower business risks, nothing of the sort is accomplished from excessive red tape and regulatory fees. Learn the broader playing field first, then develop a business strategy for marketing online.